Shingeki is a form of Japanese theater that developed in reaction to the set patterns of kabuki. The founding members, including several famous kabuki actors, wanted to recreate the way messages flowed between actors and audiences in the European theater. A faithful recreation of the western style of theater, the first works performed by Shingeki artists were Shakespearean plays and Japanese plays influenced by the Naturalism and Symbolism philosophies of the west. (first half of 1900s) Cherry Orchard was the first joint production of all major Shingeki companies, which occurred in 1945 and helped revitalize Japanese theater after WWII.

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